The Chorus of the Gran Teatre del Liceu was founded along with the opera house in 1847. Since then it has played a leading role in the first performances in Spain of virtually the entire operatic repertory, including everything from Baroque to contemporary works.
In its nearly 170 years of history, the Chorus has sung under the baton of famous conductors from Arturo Toscanini to Erich Kleiber, from Otto Klemperer to Hans Knapperstsbusch, and from Bruno Walter to Fritz Reiner, Richard Strauss, Alexander Glazunov, Ottorino Respighi, Pietro Mascagni, Igor Stravinsky, Manuel de Falla and Eduard Toldrà. More recently it has been conducted by Riccardo Muti and Kirill Petrenko and worked with the greatest stage directors.
Its vocality, which has always been especially suited to Italian opera, was developed by the great Italian maestro Romano Gandolfi and his assistant Vittorio Sicuri. The latter, who was its resident director for eleven years, created a school of conducting that has been continued by José Luis Basso, Conxita Garcia and, currently, by Pablo Assante. Peter Burian, Andrés Máspero and William Spaulding have also been its resident directors.